Uniting Bees - Index
Uniting Board Construction
Apex Enterprises
  David A. Cushman logo  

Uniting Bees Using a Uniting Board

Acknowledgement is made to Alistair Reid, who originated the idea, but the development and design of the particular board described on the Uniting Board page was performed by myself whilst I was the proprietor of APEX Enterprises.

It is an easy way of utilising the "newspaper method" of uniting and it is particularly well suited to use in back gardens, as the minimum possible disturbance occurs and the bees are exposed for only very brief periods.

Equipment required:-

Uniting Board,   Newspaper,   Selotape (or similar adhesive tape),   Masking Tape (or Parcel Tape),   Pin or other pricking device  (plastic headed corkboard pins are ideal)   Hand held trigger spray bottle full of plain water

First, prepare the board by fixing the newspaper. A little care is needed, as the newspaper tends to stretch, first cut a square piece of newsprint about 300 mm or 1 foot square, then using 4 small pieces of Sellotape (one at each corner) fix the newspaper as tightly as possible to match the red line on the drawing, leave for a few minutes for the paper to stretch. Once the paper has stretched, then re-position the Sellotape so as to take up any slack. The masking tape, or parcel tape, can then be applied in 4 x 300 mm lengths keeping as much tension as possible in the paper sheet. Once the paper is fixed, fit the drop panel and swivel the retaining toggles so that they are at right angles to the board rim. Turn the assembly over and pierce the newspaper several times at random over the exposed surface.

The method of use is simple and straightforward:-
Prior to the day of uniting, the colonies must be brought close together by moving them 1 metre or less per day. When you have them side by side, on a sunny afternoon, open one of the hives and remove or kill the queen that is least desired and fit the uniting board in place of the floor of that colony. The uniting board should have the entrance wedge open and the drop panel held in place by the toggles.

A few hours later, preferably at dusk or even full dark, close the entrance in the uniting board thus shutting all queenless bees harmlessly away. Then gently and quietly remove the roof of the queenright colony, put this safely out of the way, remove the crown board of the queenright colony using a gentle spray of water to repel the bees below the top bars. quickly return to the other hive place your hands on the toggles, swivel them in line with the rim and lift the whole hive, (the drop panel automatically falls away), place this hive on the top of the open one.

Clear up the drop panel, spare crown board, spray bottle and roof. Leave well alone for several days.

During this period the bees will eat through the newspaper (starting at the pin prick sites) and unite.

After a day or so... Remove the uniting board and scrape away the residue of masking tape and any brace comb and store until required for the next use.


  1. A quick and simple well organised method.

  2. Very "neighbour friendly".

  3. Can be performed even in the dark.


a. Requires an extra bit of kit to be made and stored when not in use.


By trapping the queenless bees at the crucial time of uniting, the guard bees of the queenright stock are not alerted.

The drop panel is in close contact with the tightly stretched newspaper and stops the bees destroying it until uniting is actually desired.

Dave Cushman.

Page created 19/07/1999

Page updated 19/12/2022

Original Psion 5 version... 19 July 1999, Revised... May 2001, Revised... 07 January 2003, Upgraded... 01 September 2005,
This page has actually been validated by W3C Javascript Navigational elements removed as per W3C Link Checker version 4.1 (c) 1999-2004 Requirements